|George Bush, Skull & Bones
and the New World Order
Skull & Bones
and the New World Order
NEW AMERICAN VIEW-
This special report is intended to assist the Japanese audience in more
fully understanding the present policies of the United States under the
administration of President George Bush. It explains the thinking behind
America's military adventure in the Persian Gulf and its current attitudes
toward the Middle East region.
In so doing, we provide a glimpse into the most powerful organization
in America-the Order of Skull & Bones. This secret fraternity is based at
Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, where many of the leading members
of the U.S. govemment and the American intelligence community received their
formal education. The Order, as it is referred to by its members, is a
bastion of White Anglo Saxon Protestant (WASP) culture, which is at the core
of the American 20th century outlook.
The reader will learn that President George Herbert Walker Bush's
concept of the New World Order is an old idea, one which has its origins in
the philosophy and beliefs of the secret Skull & Bones fraternity. Today in
particular, this is the prevailing outlook of the U.S. government, many of
whose most influential members, like the president himself, are part of the
Skull & Bones network. These men seek to recreate the American imperium of
the immediate post-World War II period, an era which President Bush
frequently refers to as "the American Century."
The powerful men of Skull & Bones genuinely believe that they have a
strategic and moral "right" to control world affairs. Consequently, they take
upon themselves the authority to crush any rivalrous threat to U.S. imperial
leadership, whether by current allies, such as Japan, Germany or Great
Britain, or by Cold War adversaries, like the Soviet Union. The members of
the Order, due to their narrow WASP upbringing, view with particular
suspicion the maneuverings of Zionist Israel and its affluent, influential
lobby in the United States.
Bush, his fellow Bonesmen and their like-thinking elitist allies in the
American Establishment see themselves as New World Order warriors, an
American samurai caste of sorts, whose mission is restoring Ameriean
greatness. They intend to utilize the institutional networks of the U.S.
government and key private agencies, such as the New York Council on Foreign
Relations. to advance their purpose.
The Skull & Bones mernbers believe in the idea of "construclive chaos".
By keeping their true policy intentions secret, by constantly sending out
mixed signals on all critical policy issues, they consciously seek to sow
confusion among both their nominal "friends" and "enemies alike.
The fulcrum for the policy of constructive chaos is, at present, the
Middle East situation. Although U.S. military action in the region has for
the time being subsided, America's military power will remain a critical
determinant in the future of that vital zone of conflict. American military
power is aimed at securing undisputed control over the vast reservoir of
oil-not at necessarily fostering any permanent alignment of local states or
combinations of regional interests.
If President George Bush and his fellow true believers are successful.
the United States will be first among equals in the New World Order. This is
their goal. It is also the quest of the Bonesmen of the Order of Skull &
Bones-America's warrior aristocracy.
Skull & Bones
and the New World Order
THE ORDER OF SKULL & BONES
Skull & Bones was founded at Yale College in New Haven, Connecticut in
1832. It is the oldest and most prestigious of Yale's seven secret societies.
Among the others are: Scroll & Key, Book & Snake, Wolf's Head, Eliahu, and
Berzelius. These fraternities serve as a recruiting ground for young men
destined for careers in government, law, finance and other influential
sectors of American life. Skull & Bones is the elite of the elite among these
secret societies. Only Scroll & Key can claim a near equal influence on
American affairs over the past 160 years.
Unlike the Greek fraternities on most other American university
campuses, Skull & Bones and its similar secret societies exist exclusively at
Yale. They are not part of any nationwide public association. The other elite
Ivy League colleges, Harvard and Princeton have similar e~clusive secret
societies. Yet, even among these few universities, the secret societies of
Yale-led by Skull & Bones-are unchallenged in their influence on American
According to some accounts, the Skull & Bones secret society at Yale
has an underground affiliation with two other societies which were
simultaneously founded at two other locations. The number "322" that appears
under the skull and crossbones on the Order's emblem is believed to indicate
the year of its founding-1832-and the fact that it is the second lodge within
an international system. By some accounts, the lodge holding the number "1"
is in Germany and the lodge numbered "3" is based at another American
Since its founding, Skull & Bones has only inducted about 2,500
members. At any given time, only about 600 or so members of the Order are
alive. This small number underscores the tremendous concentration of power in
the hands of its members.
If the members of Skull & Bones were to select a Hall of Fame from
among their own elite ranks, some of the people whose names would almost
certainly appear at the top of the list would be:
* Alphonso Taft, a founding member of the Order who served as the
Secretary of War under President Rutherford B. Hayes (1876-1880).
* William Howard Taft, the only man to ever serve as both the
President of and Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
* Henry Lewis Stimson, partner in the Wall Street law firm of Root and
Stimson, Secretary of War under President Taft (1908-1912), Governor General
of the Philippines (1926-1928), Secretary of State under President Herbert
Hoover (1929-1933) and Secretary of War under Presidents Franklin Delano
Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (1940-1946).
* Averell Harriman, investment banker with Brown Brothers Harriman,
director of the Lend-Lease program of the U.S. State Department (1941-1942),
U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1943-1946), Governor of New York, Under
Secretary of State for Asia (1961-1963), and presidential secret envoy to
Soviet leaders Stalin, Krushchev, Brezhnev and Andropov.
* Robert Lovett, partner in Brown Brothers Harriman, Assistant
Secretary of War for Air (1941-1945), Deputy Secretary of Defense, Secretary
of Defense (1950), leading member of the New York Council on Foreign
* Harold Stanley, investment banker, founder of Morgan Stanley.
* Robert A. Taft, United States Senator (1938-1950).
* Prescott Bush, investment banker and partner in Brown Brothers
Harriman, United States Senator from Connecticut, father of George Herbert
* George Herbert Walker Bush, United States Congressman (1964-1970),
Chairman of the Republican National Committee, United States Ambassador to
the United Nations, first American Diplomatic Liaison to the Peoples Republic
of China, Director of the Central Intelligence Ageney (1975-1977). Vice
President of the United States (1980-1988), President of the United States
* John Thomas Daniels, agro-industnalist, founder of Archer Daniels
* Hugh Wilson, foreign service officer, Counsellor to Japan (1911-
1921), U.S. Minister to Switzerland (1924-1927), Assistant Secretary of State
(1937-1938). Ambassador to Germany 1938), Special Assistant to the Secretary
of State (1939-1941), Office of Strategic Services (1941-1945)
The members of the Order of Skull & Bones, true to their firm belief
in "constructive confusion," have intentionallv allowed a series of
conflicting mythologies to spring up about the origins and history of their
According to one version of the Order's founding, it was an outgrowth of an
earlier British or Scottish freemasonic grouping first established at All
Soul s College at Oxford University in the late 17th century. Another version
of the history of Skull & Bones is that it grew out of the German
"nationalistic" secret .societies of the early 19th century. Still a third
explanation is that Skull & Bon~s is an uniquely American institution which
adopted some of the rituals of European freemasonry, but molded these rituals
and beliefs into a new form.
Regardless of these conflicting accounts, it can be stated with
certainty that the Order was first established on the Yale campus in 1832 It
was officially incorporated only in 1856 under the name Russell Trust
Association. According to virtually all the available biographical data on
its early members, the money required to sustain the secret order's campus
affairs and its broader role in placing its members into key positions of
influence upon their graduation from Yale, derived from the opium trade in
the Far East. That trade was set up by the British East India Company and was
flourishing by the time the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1783 ending the
American War for Independence. The East India Company during this period was
controlled by the Baring Brothers Bankt (Toward the closing decades of the
l7th century, the British House of Rothschild would supplant the Baring
Brothers as the controlling financial interests in the China opium trade.
Through the sponsorship of the Barings and also the Rothschilds, a
number of leading New England families, some of whom had sided with Great
Britain during the American Revolution, were brought into the opium trade as
junior partners. These merchant families ran fleets of clipper ships and
became in many cases fabulously wealthy as the result of their asscoiation
with the British East India Company. Among these key New England merchant
families were; Cabot, Coolidge, Forbes, Higginson, Sturgis, Lodge, Lowell,
Perkins and Russell.
These New England merchant families founded the United Fruit Company
and the Bank of Boston. The founding families of Skull & Bones included the
Russell and Perkins families, Over several generations, however, all these
families heavily intemarried and became, in effect, one extended power
William Huntington Russell incorporated Skull & Bones as the Russell
Trust Association. Throughout the 20th century, the Russell Trust Association
listed the New York City headquarters of Brown Brothers Harriman as its
Russell was valedictorian of his class at Yale in 1833. He and his Skull &
Bones comrades considered themselves to be a special elite among the merchant
banking and Puritan pilgrim elite of Yale. They took the Puritan beliefs of
the early New England settlers, that they were "elected by God," and
pre-ordained to rule North America.
The founding of Yale College in 1701 pre-dates the Amencan Revolution
by several generations. Many of the founders of Yale were righteous men of
the Puritan heritage who devoutly believed in God and country. Some of these
patriotic souls later made up the core of Benjamin Franklin's political
coalition which ultimately broke with the mother country, Great Britain. Many
graduates of Yale were active in the American Revolution and the founding of
the United States.
Two critics of the Order, historian Antony Sutton and investigative
journalist Ron Rosenbaum (himself a Yale graduate), both concluded that Skull
& Bones has degenerated since its founding and has taken on more of the
occult and ritualistic trappings of the majority of European freemasonic and
illuminati secret societies. Sutton charges that the Order is secretly known
among its initiates as the "Brotherhood of Death" and has become an evil
instrument in the hands of America's secret power elite. Rosenbaum claims
that the society's Germanic origins are inherently wicked and pre-Nazi.
In a long 1977 article in Esquire magazine, Rosenbaum charged that the
Skull & Bones building on the Yale campus houses remnants from Hitler's
private collection of silver. While these stories cannot be dismissed out of
hand, it must be noted that authors Rosenbaum and Sutton may be biased. As a
young Jewish student at Yale, Rosenbaum was almost automatically excluded on
religious grounds from the inner sanctum of the campus's secret societies.
Sutton, a British-born eccentric historian, proudly admits his strong British
biases, frequently citing philosopher John Stuart Mill as the spiritual
mentor in his book on the Order.
Despite the possible personal biases in these two accounts of the
history of the Order of Skull & Bones, it must be acknowledged that the
membership of the society has tended over generations to converge upon a
small group of New England families who have intermarried and then sponsored
their sons and nephews into the Order. This kind of inbreeding always tends
to produce narrow-mindedness and prejudice against outsiders, which can be a
serious shortcoming, particularly among individuals responsible for charting
the course of a nation as powerful as the United States.
It can be documented by comparing the family charts of the early
Bonesmen that there is today a core group of no more than 20 to 30 families
who form the nucleus of the Order. The majority are old-line Puritan families
who came to North America in the very first wave of settlers in the 17th
century. Among these prominent families are: Whitney, Lord, Phelps.
Wadsworth, Allen, Bllndy, Adams, Stimson, Taft, Gilman and Perkins. A second
group of families in the Skull & Bones core earned fabulous fortunes during
the 18th and 19th centuries and thus won a rite of passage into the New
England elite, even though they were not among the earliest settlers. The
leading Skull & Bones families in this second category are: Harriman,
Rockefeller, Payne, Davison, Pillsbury and Weyerhauser.
A few of the Jewish banking families who made their way from Germany to
the United States during the 18th and l9th centuries were eventually granted
limited access to the WASP inner sanctums. Some families, like the Schiff,
Warburg, Guggenheim and Meyer families, were unofficially designated as
intermediaries between the New England WASPs and their cousins in London.
This was especially true after the Rothschild interests supplanted the
Anglican Baring group as the most powerful financial cabal in the City of
London. Some of these German Jewish families became so absorbed into the WASP
or Anglican society that they eventually converted from Judaism to
Protestantism and were gradually ostracized from the Jewish aristocracy.
The WASP families, however, never saw the prominent Jewish investment
banking families of America as equals. The Jews were considered politically
and cultrally different by the WASPs, and have never been accepted into the
latter's inner circle. For the most part, these Jewish merchant bankers are
viewed with suspicion and distrust by the members of the Order. Moreover, the
Jewish fraternal societies, such as B'nai B'rith, were formed out of the
British-based Scottish Rite Freemasonry. Their sponsors in America, the
Rothschilds and the Cecil Rhodes Trust (also known as the British Round Table
Group), are connected with the British Foreign Office and its secret
INITIATION AND RITUAL
To be initiated into the Order of Skull & Bones, one must endure a
ritual of selection called "tapping". It is conducted by 15 senior classmen
of Yale University who make up the current membership of the secret society.
They select 15 members of the junior class to be the Bonesmen the following
year. Historically, Skull & Bones kept blacks, jews and all other non-WASPs
from its ranks. Within the last 30 years, however, token members from these
groups have been occasionally selected to join. Thus, in the most recent list
of initiates to the Order, there is one Yalie with a Jewish surname and even
one with a Chinese name. According to author Rosenbaum, in recent years, the
Order has inducted members of homosexual rights groups on the campus into its
Among the criterion for selection-apart from family ties to the order,
which has always been an important factor-is what is referred to by
historians and members as the "Three Ordeals." These ordeals are intended to
measure the prospective Bonesman's ability to "make it" in the world beyond
the university campus.
The first ordeal is boarding school. The overwhelming majority of
Bonesmen, given their wealthy bueblood family pedigrees, attend one of the
prestigious New England preparatory schools, i.e, private high schools.
(Whereas a large number of the most elite of the Harvard University students
attend Groton, a school with close ties to the Anglican-Episcopal Church,
where they receive a thoroughly Anglophilic education, the preferred prep
schools for the future Bonesmen are the two Puritan Calvinist-sponsored
The second of the ordeals is that of nature. The prospective Bonesmen
are judged on their skills as outdoorsmen. Hunting in the New England
countryside or, better yet, traveling to distant locations like Africa, the
jungles of South America or even the American badlands of the Plains states,
is a prerequisite for admission to the Spartan elite ranks of the Order.
The third of the ordeals is war. The experience of combat during
wartime is considered to be of special significance for the Bonesmen, who see
themselves as the elite of the New England WASP warrior caste. Many Yale
Bonesmen of President George Bush's generation, as the result of the outbreak
of World War II, went directly from prep school into the military service
prior to their entering Yale. For a majority of Bonesmen, the preferred
military service has historically been with thc U S Navy. During World II the
Naval air corp was a particularly important track for future Bones initiates.
In peacetime, participation at Yale in military officer's training is
desirable but not essential. The commitment to enter some branch of the
military upon graduation is viewed with favor.
After the formal selection of the next group of prospective Bonesmen,
there is an invitation followed by a formal initiation ceremony. First the 15
senior class members who are the members of the Order select a group of
junior class members who are to be "tapped" for Skull & Bones. A group of
Bonesmen proceed to the dormitory room of the "tappee." Upon reaching the
door, they pound loudly. When the prospective member opens the door, a
Bonesman will tap him on the shoulder and yell, "Skull and Bones: Do you
accept?" If the candidate accepts, a message wrapped with a black ribbon
sealed by black wax with the skull and crossbones emblem and the mystical
Bones number 322 is handed to the "tappee." The message appoints a time and a
place for the candidate to appear on initiation night. Candidates are
instructed to wear no metal objects or clothing.
According to a 1940 Skull & Bones document, the initiation ceremony
involves the following kinds of things: "New man placed in coffln-carried
into central part of building. New man chanted over and reborn into society.
Removed from coffin and given robes with symbols on it. A bone with his name
on it is tossed into the bone heap at the start of every meeting."
Within the Skull & Bones Crypt, also known as "the Tomb," there is what
is referred to as a "sacred room" with the number 322, On the arched wall
about the vault entrance is inscribed in German: "Who was the fool, who was
the wise man, beggar or king? Whether poor or rich, all's the same in death."
This quotation from a German Freemasonic ritual remains a source of
controversy surrounding the origins of Skull & Bones. It is one of the bits
of "evidence" cited by some of the Order's most ardent critics that the group
is "Nazi like" and singularly "Germanic". In fact, the rituals of the Order
are very much like the rituals employed by Scottish and English freemasonic
Some of the mystery and confusion surrounding these occult symbols and
rituals is intentionally fostered by the Order itself. Among the principles
taught to the members of the Yale secret society are the value of ambiguity
and secrecy. These values are not taught as part of a purely mystical or
occult quasi-religion. They are taught as valuable tools to be applied by the
Bonesmen when they leave the insulated environment of Ihe Yale campus and
become officials of government, the intelligence community, the military or
the private sector.
A careful study of the often confusing and self-contradictory behavior
and public statements of President Bush and his closest advisers throughout
the months of the Persian Gulf crisis of last year and war that followed
offers a valuable example of how ambiguity and secrecy are applied by
For the initiates of the Order, the question of whether secrecy and
ambiguity are used for the purpose of accomplishing "good" or "evil" is of
secondary importance. Secrecy and ambiguity are essential instruments for
wielding power. The effective wielding of power is one of the overarching
goals of all Bonesmen. The secret ties built up during the Bonesmen's senior
year of active membership in the Order are maintained for life. Those ties
link each Bonesman to every other initiate, especially to those initiates who
were members of the Order in the same year.
Thus, every member of Skull & Bones is, in real and practical terms,
part of a small elite group of young Yale graduates-most from wealthy and
powerful WASP families-who enter the world of politics, business, finance,
intelligence or education and who proceed to make their mark on the world.
According to several sources, President George Bush to this day
frequently consults with several of his fellow Yale Bonesmen, and has, on
occasion, called upon Skull & Bones members to carry out secret diplomatic
missions for the White House.
THE SPARTAN MODE
These rites of passage into the upper ranks of the WASP Establishment
are capped by the expeirence the Bonesmen go through in their final year at
Yale-the year in which they actively participate in the Order. For the vast
majority of the initiates, the process of inculcation with the ideas of WASP
supremacy, an American Calvinist version of what British imperialist writer
Rudyard Kipling called the "White Man's Burden," began at prep school.
According to the biographical accounts of a number of the leading
Bonesmen, the prep school experience is paramount. At prep school,
intellectual pursuits are encouraged, but special emphasis is also placed on
athletic performance. Future Yale Bonesmen are expected to excel in some team
sport, such as baseball and football, both American inventions. (Members of
Skull & Bones were involved in the development of both games.) Team sports
supposedly prepare the future Bonesman to accept leadership responsibility,
and more importantly, teach him to "respect the rules of the game."
According to one biographer, when George Bush was a Yale undergraduate
he was a member of the university baseball team. Although he was apparently
not a very good baseball player, he eventually became captain of the Yale
team. One day during the Yale baseball season, he excitedly visited his
mother to proudly proclaim that he had hit his first home run. She reportedly
looked back at him with patrician coolness, and asked, "Yes, George, but did
your team win the game?"
The particular emphasis on team sports during the prep school and Yale
years is, according to several historians, part of the Spartan training that
is so essential to the Skull & Bones philosophy. In the world of Skull &
Bones, one of the greatest virtues is the ability to steer the nation into
war and to successfully prosecute the war.
To the Bonesmen, the use of military power is a natural and essential
corollary to political power. The Bonesmen are taught that, although ideas
have their place, to truly transform history, military force is almost always
required. Critics of the Order have pointed out that this philosophy of power
and the imperial use of military force comes straight from the chronicles of
the Roman Empire-especially the Roman Empire during its phase of decline and
The criticism may prove to be most prophetically true of the current
generation of Bonesmen who are leading the United States under the presidency
of George Bush. During the final phase of the Roman Empire, legions were
deployed out around the world to conquer and subjugate vast territories,
while back in Rome, there was a breakdown, a crisis in which the entire
social and cultural fabric of the early Roman republic was eroding and giving
way to something akin to the drug, rock-sex counterculture of today. The
Roman imperial policy of attempting to gloss over the decadence at home-by
engaging in constant wars of expansion led ultimately to the total collapse
In this regard, the Spartan-Roman imperial outlook of the American WASP
warrior caste, exemplified by Skull & Bones, cannot be precisely compared to
the Japanese samurai code of Bushido. The Japanese Bushido code emphasized
honor among the warriors and presumed a fundamentally moral or ethical vision
of the world.
No such emphasis on morality and honor exists in the code of Skull &
Bones. On the contrary, the Skull & Bones philosophy, according to several of
its most astute critics and historians, emphasises the "double-cross system."
The "double-cross" is symbolically represented by the crossbones on the
emblem of the Order. According to this philosophy, anyone who is not an
initiate is inferior, and can be lied to and manipulated to further the power
of the WASP Establishment. To the extent that Japanese leaders view their
American WASP counterparts as men of honor whose word is sacred and wbose
intentions are presumed to be virtuous, they will miss the fundamental
character of the American imperium. This is of special importance today, with
a leading member of the Skull & Bones system occupying the White House.
Skull & Bones philosophy first manifested itself at the American
national political level in the late l9th century. At that time, the men of
the Order adopted all the critical features of the British imperial system,
especially the belief in the Anglo Saxon God-given right to rule over all the
other races. Even countries like Japan, which were never colonial possessions
of the Anglo-American combination, were viewed as inferior nations to be
treated no differently from the colonies in Africa. India or Latin America.
In 1898, President William McKinley, one of the last of the American
presidents to manifest any of the early republican (anti-British imperialism)
traditions of the Founding Fathers, was under enormous pressure from the
Skull & Bones-led American imperialists Eventually, he went to war against
Spain to "free" Cuba and seize the Philippines This was the first time that
the United States entered a war through devious manipulation and purely in
order to expand its territories It marked the beginning of a new epoch in
American history which would forever alter the vision of the United States.
It was the first evidence that the men of the Order were at the helm of the
ship of state.
President McKinley's capitulation to the WASP warriors would prove to
be fatal to himself and, some would say, for his country, too. The
Spanish-American War of 1898 catapulted the Skull & Bnes crowd into a
position of dominance within the Republican Party. At the 1900 party
presidential nominating convention, McKinley was forced to accept Teddy
Roosevelt as his vice presidential running mate. The McKinley-Roosevelt slate
was swept into office, in part as the result of the jingoist climate built up
by the just-concluded Spanish-American War Those circumstances were not all
that-different from the mood that prevails in America in the aftermath of the
Gulf War of 1991.
Within months of his inauguration of 1901, President McKinley was
assassinated by an anarchist while traveling through Buffalo, New York. Thus,
Teddy Roosevelt became president, and the Order of Skull & Bones for the
first time moved into the White House. Roosevelt surrounded himself with
Bonesmen. His successor in 1908, William Howard Taft, was himself a second
generation member of Skull & Bones.
HENRY STIMSON: MASTER BONESMAN
According to a January 1991 article by the Washington syndicated
columnists Rowland Evans and Robert Novak, when President George Bush was
making his final decision to use military force to crush Saddam Hussein and
decimate Iraq, he spent most of the Christmas holidays closeted at Camp David
reading a newly published biography of one of his true heroes, fellow Skull &
Bones initiate Henry Stimson. While most White House advisers thought that
the gulf crisis would be ultimately resolved through diplomacy, unbeknownst
to them, President Bush had already decided on the use of devastating
military force-regardless of what measures the world community or the Iraqi
leaders took to avert war. Intimate Bush advisers described the president as
being in a "mesmerized" state of mind as he walked around the presidential
retreat in the Maryland mountains with his Stimson biography, The Colonel:
The Life and Wars of Henry Stimson, under his arm at all times.
Indeed, for most contemporary Bonesmen, Henry Lewis Stimson, the
quintessential WASP warrior, was the very personification of the Order's full
ascent to power during the period of World War II.
A member of the Order's class of 1888, Stimson served seven U.S.
presidents: Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft (a fellow Bonesman),
Woodrow Wilson, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, Franklin Delano Roosevelt
and Harry S Truman. As the Secretary of War under FDR and Truman, Stimson
oversaw the Manhattan Project, which developed the atomic bomb. Stimson
personally decided on the use of that devastating weapon against the Japanese
cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Years earlier, as the chairman of the
American delegation at the London Naval Conference and as Secretary of State
under President Hoover (1929-1933), Stimson had played a pivotal role in
restricting the size of the Japanese Imperial Navy. He would be an architect
of the FDR 's administration's economic provocations against Japan which
ultimately helped induce Japan into the attack at Pearl Harbor, thus bringing
the United States formally into World War II.And Stimson was also ultimately
responsible for the FDR administration's decision to intern the Nisei
(Japanese-Americans) after Pearl Harbor.
Yet, it was also Stimson who ordered American bombers to refrain from
attacking the old Japanese imperial capital of Kyoto, a city rich in religious and
historical tradition and artifacts. And, according to at least one of Stimson's biographers,
it was also "the Colonel" who decided at the close of the war
that the Japanese emperor should not be deposed. His sensitivity to Japanese
culture and the importance of allowing Japan to retain honor even in defeat
is widely to his close adviser, Joseph Grew, a longtime U.S. ambassador to
Japan and an accomplished historian. Whether this report of Stimson's
involvement in the decision to maintain the emperor is accurate or whether it
underplays the role of Gen. Douglas MacArthur, the fact remains certain that
Stimson was the key policymaker overseeing the postwar occupations of both
Japan and Germany.
To fully understand President George Bush's attitudes and policies
toward Japan, one must first appreciate the overarching influence that
Stimson had on the current occupant of the White House.
According to his British biographer Geofrey Hodgson, Sdmson's
membership in Skull & Bones was "the most important educational experience in
his life." Unlike most of his fellow Bonesmen, Stimson earned his membership
solely on the basis of his achievements at Yale-not through family money. His
parents were not wealthy, although his forefathers did come to America as
early Puritan colonists. But Stimson made up for his lack of financial
credentials by his fierce competitive spirit. As he himself put it, the "idea
of a struggle for prizes, so to speak, has always been one of the fundamental
elements of my mind, and I can hardly conceive of what my feelings would be
if I ever was put in a position or situation in life where there are no
prizes to struggle for."
Although Stimson did not come from classic blueblood background, he
married into wealth and power. His wife, Mabel White, came from a prominent
Establishment family with longstanding ties to the Order. Thus, upon
graduation from law school, Stimson became a partner in the law firm of
Eliahu Root, President Theodore Roosevelt's Secretary of War.
Although Stimson and Roosevelt would have a falling out in later years,
early on Roosevelt and Root provided "the Colonel" with the critical
sponsorship and training required to succeed in the world of Establishment
politics. According to Stimson's biographers, Roosevelt would frequently
taunt the young Bonesman about the fact that he, unlike the president, had
never been-in the military or fought in any wars. (Roosevelt had resigned as
Under Secretary of the Navy to go off and fight in the Spanish-American War.)
Thus, at the ripe old age of 44, Stimson joined the Army during World War I
and served in the American Expeditionary Force in Europe.
Among the other lasting interests that Roosevelt would pass on to
Stimson was his deep passion for the Pacific. Roosevelt was convinced that
America's imperial destiny was dependent upon its domination of the Pacific
Ocean and the Far East. The Spanish-American War, which marked the beginning
of Ameriea's imperial phase-and the virtual abandonment of the republican
principles upon which the nation had been founded-began the U.S. colonial
occupation of the Philippines, which would continue through half of the next
century. Ultimately, Stimson would himself serve as the American Governor
General of the islands.
In 1900, Roosevelt wrote to Stimson: "Our people are neither craven nor
weaklings, as we face the future high of heart and confident of soul, eager
to do the great work of a great power . . . ~ wish to see the United States
the dominant power on the Pacific Ocean."
AND THE COLD WAR
Henry Stimson's towering influence on C;eorge Bush and many other
current members and like-thinking allies of the Order was based not only on
"the Colonel's" lifetime of achievements. It was also rooted in the fact that
Stimson used the World War II period to groom a successor generation of young
WASP warriors who would dominate American policymaking during thc Cold War
and beyond. Although not every member of what came to be known as the
"Stimson's Kindergarten" was a member of Skull & Bones, or even a Yale
graduate, many were. All were inculcated with the Skull & Bones philosophy
and methodology of wielding power. It is through this alliance and patronage
system that the influence of the Order has been extended far beyond its small
Among the leading members of the "Stimson Kindergarten" were:
* John J. McCloy, who was Assistant Secretary of War and later served
as the High Commissioner for Germany during the postwar occupation.
* Robert Lovett, a member of Skull&Bones and a partner in the Order's
preeminent Wall Street investment house Brown Brothers Harriman. He became
Stimson's Assistant Secretary of War (Air Section). Lovett remained an
influential policymaker through the presidency of John F. Kennedy.
* Harvey Bundy, another Bonesman, who became Stimson's special
assistant at the War Department. Haryvey Bundy's two sons, McGeorge and
William fresh out of Yale University and Skull & Bones, joined their father
on Stimson's personal staff. McGeorge Bundy would co-author Stimson's memoirs
In Active Service in Peace and War.
* Dean Acheson, Assistant Secretary of State, Yale graduate (he was not
a member of the Order, but, rather, of one of the other Yale secret
societies, Scroll Key) and senior policy adviser to FDR and Truman, who
ultimately made him Secretary of State.
* Gen. George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff of the armed forces during
World War II and later Truman's Secretary of State.
This group of high-powered policymakers of World War II and immediate
post war period were known as the "Stimson-Marshall-Acheson Circle." They
shaped America's Cold War containment policy against the Soviet Union and
Communist China, including the involvement of the United States in the Korean
War. It was also this group which, for better or worse, directed the postwar
reconstruction programs in Germany and Japan.
Another influential member of Skull & Bones, Averell Harriman, was
personally responsible for the sacking of Gen. Douglas MacArthur. It was
Harriman, a banker, intriguer and former American Ambassador to Moscow, who
convinced President Truman to fire MacArthur.
The predominant role that Averell Harriman would play over the course
of 40 years of postwar Amencan policymaking underscores the fact that not all
leading members of Skull & Bones share the identical policy outlook. While
some members of the Stimson inner circle were critical of Harriman, whom they
considered to be too personally ambitious (he was also a liberal imperial
Democrat in a secret fraternity dominated historically by moderate
Republicans), Harriman nevertheless stands out as one of the Order's most
active figures. The fact that he was a business partner and social intimate
throughout his adult life of fellow Bonesm~n and Republican Sen. Prescott
Bush Sr., the father of the current president underscores that point.
Henry Stimson died in 1950, leaving behind a core group of political
offspring led by members of his old secret society, Skull & Bones. In the
final years of his life he was involved in helping to shape a number of
postwar government agencies which would become bastions of power and
influence for the Order for years to come. Through this active role in
shaping the key institutions of the Cold War era, Stimson was able to
establish a continuity of power that would more than compensate for the fact
that no single figure among his "kindergarten" emerged as a clear successor,
and that several, like McGeorge Bundy, would prove ultimately to be rather
The National Security Act of 1947 transformed Stimson's old War
Department into the Department of Defense, a sprawling civilian bureaucracy
which would in future years house many of the most important members of the
Order. Robert Lovett, for example, would become the Secretary of Defense in
1950. The 1947 act also established the Central Inte!ligence Agency (CIA) as
the permnent successor to the wartime Office of Strategic Services (OSS). In
the early 1950s, the State Department's Office of Policy Coordination was
merged into the CIA, giving the secret agency total control of America's
clandestine operations Th National Security Agency (NSA) also was
established, under the direction of the Department of Defense, vastly
expanding America's signal intelligence capability.
Of all these agencies of the Cold War era, the CIA would stand out as a
singular power center for Yale University alumni in general and Skull & Bones
initiates in particular. The term "spooks," the well-known CIA term for a
clandestine operator, was originally Yale campus argot for a secret society
member. According to a recently published article in the Covert Action
Information Bulletin, there is reportedly a "Bones club" within the CIA which
helps promote the intelligence careers of members of the Yale secret society.
It should be pointed out that bureaucratic standing is not a real
measure of power within the CIA. Very often, individuals in relatively
insignificant positions within the organizational chart wield tremendous
clout and maintain access to the most sensitive information and policy. Thus,
for example, the present U.S. Ambassaclor to Beijing, James Lilley, a member
of Skull & Bones and a career CIA man, is being suggested to replace William
Webster as Director of Central Intelligence. For Lilley to step in as
director of CIA would at this moment represent a demotion for the senior
field operator. It is, however, a demotion he might accept as a personal
favor to fellow Bonesman and longtime intimate pal George Bush.
The predominance of Yale graduates inside the CIA is also a part of the
Stimson legacy. During World War II, many Yale students and even severai
leading faculty memhers entered the OSS. The X-2 Branch of OSS, the
counterintelligence unit, was dominated by Yale students, as well as Yale
English Literature professor Norman Holmes Pearson. One of the Yale men in
X-2, James Jesus Angleton, went on to a legendary career as director of the
CIA's counterintelligence staff.
Yale Skull & Bonesman and Stimson "Kindergartener" William Bundy
assumed a senior post at CIA during the 1950s, as did Yale graduates Richard
Bissell and Cord Meyer, and Yale professor Sherman Kent.
VIETNAM: THE BONESMEN'S DEBACLE
According to author David Halberstam's best-selling critique of the
Kennedy years, The Best and the Brightest, the JFK presidency marked the high
point of Skull & Bones postwar power. But it also marked the beginning of the
secret fraternity's fall from the position of unchallenged power, and the
beginning of America's precipitous decline as a world power. All these
factors are summed up in one word: Vietnam.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy's Cabinet was largely handpicked by Skull &
Bones elder statesman Robert Lovett, who was personally approached by Joseph
Kennedy, the president's father, and asked to shape the direction of the new
administration Lovett had been one of the architects of the World War II
industrial mobilization under President Franklin Roosevelt, which helped
bring the United States out of the Great Depression. He had been a factional
opponent of Averell Harriman within the Skull & Bones circles, initially
opposing the Cold War containment doctrine and pushing the idea of Atoms for
Peace during the early years of the Eisenhower presidency (l952-1960).
Kennedy had personally asked Lovett to join his Cabinet, but Lovett, a
partner in Brown Brothers Harriman, preferred to shun formal government
service. Instead, he placed a number of younger Bonesmen into the critical
posts. McGeorge Bundy was appointed Kennedy's National Security Adviser.
Averell Hamman was made Under Secretary of State for Asian Affairs, a
position that placed him in charge of many of the most critical decisions
along the way to disaster in Vietnam. William Bundy remained in a senior post
The decision to escalate the American military involvement in Vietnam-a
rejection of Gen. Douglas MacArthur's prophetic warning that the United
States should never engage in a ground war in Asia was made by members of the
Order. According to some accounts, President Kennedy began to have senous
second thoughts about escalating the war, particularly after several private
Oval Office discussions with MacArthur.
With Kennedy's assassination, American soldiers began pouring into
Southeast Asia. Harriman remained a fixture of Vietnam policy under President
Lyndon Baines Johnson. McGeorge Bundcy remained on as LBJ's National Security
Adviser untill , when he left government service to assume the presidene; of
theF ord Foundation, the largest tax-exempt philanthropic agency in the
United States. The Ford Foundalion annually dispenses of nearly $3 billion in
In his capacity as president of the Ford Foundation, Bundy helped
finance the anti-Vietnam War movement. The National Student Mobilization
Committee, the umbrella group for the entire New Left of the late 1960s and
early 1970s, was led by David Dellinger, a Yale graduate. Episcopal Church
activist William Sloan Coffin, a Bonesman, a second leading figure in the
anti-war protest movement, had previously served as a CIA officer.
Thus, the Order had its hands in two critical elements of the policy
debacle of the second half of the 1960s. Some leading Bonesmen helped shape
the disastrous limited war strategy in Vietnam, while other members of the
Order, at least tacitly, contributed to the growth of the drug-rock-sex
counterculture by nourishing the New Left soil from which it sprang.
As a result of the Vietnam debacle, the "Stimson Kindergarten"
literally drove itself out of the corridors of power which it had occupied
without challenge for the previous 20 years. With the election of Richard
Nixon as president of the United States in November 1968, a different team
came into prominence. The politics of that team were personified by Henry A.
Kissinger, Nixon's National Security Adviser and Secretary of State.
In a May 1982 speech in London at the Chatham House headquarters of the
Royal Institute for International Affairs, Kissinger boasted that he was an
enthusiastic follower of the late British Prime Minister Winston Churchill,
and that throughout his years in senior government posts under Presidents
Nixon and Gerald Ford (1974-1976), he had always consulted more frequently
with his counterparts in the British Foreign Office than he had with
officials of his own government.
Although Kissinger had enjoyed early patronage from McGeorge Bundy,
when the Bonesman was Dean of Harvard University and Kennedy's NSC adviser,
the Kissinger era marked a low point in Skull & Bone's government power. The
Central Intelligence Agency, a hub of the Order's clout, was decimated by
scandals that only compounded the damage done to the Agency as the result of
its role in the Vietnam disaster.
According to some respected writers, for example, Jim Hougan, author of
Secret Agenda), the CIA attempted to reverse the route by helping to bring
down Richard Nixon in Watergate. There is significant evidence to bolster
some of these accounts.
When Gerald Ford became president in August 1974 following Nixon's
resignation, Skull & Bones made a brief comeback. In what came to be known as
the "Saturday Night Massacre," Ford, in the autumn of l975, removed Henry
Kissinger from his post as NSC Adviser, replacing him with Gen. Brent
Scowcroft. Kissinger ally James Schlesinger was fired as Secretary of Defense
and replaced by Donald Rumsfeld. And CIA Director William Colby, who had
dueled with Angleton, was fired and replaced by Skull & Bones member George
If these maneuvers were intended to be the first step in a more
ambitious comeback by the WASP warrior faction, the plan was short-circuited
with the election in November 1976 of Jimmy Carter as president. It would
really not be until the inauguration of George Bush as president in January
1989-a dozen years later-that Skull & Bones would resurface with the same
degree of governmental power that it had enjoyed during the Stimson years.
George Bush's selection as Ronald Reagan's vice presidential running mate in
the 1980 and 1984 elections was the transition back to that power.
Many things had gone wrong in the years since Vietnam to drive the
Bonesmen off the center stage. With more than a little input from Bonesmen
like McGeorge Bundy and Averell Harriman, the United States had gone into a
period of scientific, technological and industrial retreat. The Nixon
decision on August 15, 1971 to remove the dollar from a fixed, gold-backed
exchange rate system, had triggered a move toward double-digit inflation,
urban decay, rising unemployment and soaring interest rates. The
Kissinger-orchestrated Iranian-Middle East oil crisis in the early l970s had
contributed to a rate of deindustrialization that ultimately transformed the
United State from the biggest creditor nation in the world to the world's
biggest debtor nation. According to estimates compiled around the time of
George Bush's inauguration as president, the total U.S. internal indebtedness
had skyrocketed to more than $12 trillion.
Moreover, the period of the 1970s and l980s had given rise to a new and
powerful political-financial combination demanding a share of government
clout. This new grouping, with its principle power bases in the U.S.
Congress, in Hollywood and on Wall Street, was known as the Zionist lobby.
Although Jewish names had been prominent in the legal profession and on
Wall Street since the founding of the American republic, in the aftemath of
the 1967 Six-Day War between Israel and her Arab neighbors, Zionist power
took on a whole different proportion. Again, Henry Kissinger~s position in
the Nixon administration symbolized the fact that the pro-Israel lobby had
moved in with a vengeancs. to the corridors of power in the nation's capital.
Even on Wall Street the 1970s and 1980s had seen a new generatian of Jewish
financiers come into power, replacing their more cultured and Anglicized
predecessors. The WASP Establishment had developed a tolerance of and working
relationship with the largely German Jewish bankers known among themselves as
"Our Crowd." The new upstart Wall Street Zionists, however, were viewed by
the WASPs as a collection of gangsters.
If the Skull & Bonesmen needed a legitimate justification for reviving
their ever-present dislike of the East European Ashkenazic Jews, the Wall
Street Zionists whs became known as the so-called "New Crowd" provided them
with all the excuses necessary. When Jonathan Jay Pollard, a Naval
intelligence analyst, was arrested in November 1985 and charged with spying
for Israel against the United States, there was a resurgence of more
unabashed antisemitism among the Bonesmen and their blueblood upperclass
mates. It has since become a hallmark of the Bush White House. Even when
practiealc political affairs have demanded that the Bush administration deal
with the American Zionist lobby or the right-wing Shamir government of
Israel, there has been a distinctive undertone of distrust bordering on overt
BUSH IN PROFILE
Unlike Averell Harriman, who reportedly coveted personal political
power and drew sharp criticism from some of his fellow Bonesmen, George Bush
has been a long-term "project" of Skull & Bones. The Bush presidency in real
and symbolic terms represents the-effort by the Order to restore the lost
spirit of the WASP warrior Henry Stimson. With the passage of time and the
decay of the WASP elite, the Bush presidency may yet prove to be a tragic
replay of past American dreams.
George Bush's career was sponsored every step of the way by Skull &
Bones members, mostly of his father's generation. Prescott Bush (Skull &
Bones Class of 1917), a Brown Brothers Harriman partner who would serve one
term in Congress as senator from Connecticut, sent George to the traditional
private preparatory school, Phillips Academy in Andover, New Hampshire, which
grooms young New England squires for later studies at Yale.
It was while finishing his prep school training at Andover that Bush
was first exposed to Henry Stimson. Reportedly, Stimson delivered a stirring
patriotic speech to the Phillips student body in l940 arguing forcefully for
American intervention in the war in Europe. Ironically, at that very moment
on the Yale campus, the majority of Skull & Bonesmen were leading the Ameriea
First movement, which opposed any such U.S. entanglement in Europe.
When war with Japan broke out a year later, George Bush enlisted in the
Navy and was trained as a pilot. He flew more than 50 missions before being
shot down in the Pacific. At Yale after the war, Bush captained the baseball
team and followed his father's footsteps into the Order.
Political legends have it that George Bush shunned his family's
patronage and went off on his own to launch a business career as an oil
wildcatter, or speculator, in Texas. Nothing could be farther from the truth.
Bush moved to Texas to work for Dresser Industries selling oil drilling
equipment. The job was arranged for him by his father with Dresser president
Neil Mallon, who was a fellow member of Skull Bones. Desser, according to
several sources, had close ties with the CIA.
After a few years with Dresser, George Bush set up his own company,
Zapata Oil, to explore new oil fields in Texas and Mexico. Again, Bush was
heavily backed by member of his family. Uncle George Herbert Walker, also a
Skull & Bonesman, put up a large amount of capital, as did Brown Brothers
Harriman. Lazard Brothers, a Jewish brokerage house with longstanding
friendly ties to the New England WASPs, put up some money as well, at the
urging of Andre Meyer, the owner of the Washingtor. Post Corporation and the
father of the current Post publisher Kathanne Graham. Zapata Oil sunk the
first offshore well for the Kuwaiti government.
Even with that kind of backing, George Bush was less than a success as
a businessman. In 1964, a longtime Bush friend, William Farrish III of
Scotland, bought the majority of shares in Zapata for $3.2 million to keep
the business afloat, while George, in a major career shift, ran for U.S.
Congress from a wealthy district in Houston, Texas. He won.
During his three terms in Congress (Bush lost the 1970 Senate race to
Lloyd Bentsen), George Bush distinguished himself as an advocate of zero
population growth and a defender of the eugenics movement. Both of these
positions, radical for their day, were probably the result of Bush's close
friendship with William Draper Jr.-a fellow Bonesman and a longtime advocate
of population reduction schemes in the Third World.
The 1970s were for George Bush years of grooming in high-level politics
and foreign policy. During the Nixon re-election campaign of 1972, George
Bush was the chairman of the Republican National Committee. He later joined
the chorus calling for Nixon's resignation. After a tour as the U.S.
Ambassador to the United Nations, Bush was sent off to Communist China as the
Chief Liaison Officer prior to the formalization of diplomatic relations.
Bush shared the Beijing experience with Winston Lord, a fellow Skull & Bones
member who was the CIA station chief. Lord went on to become president of the
New York Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) in 1983. (The Lord family founded
the city of Hartford, Connecticut, has a large number of Skull & Bones
members on its family tree, and set up one of the most powerful old-line Wall
Street law firms, Lord Day Lord.) In 1975, George Bush completed his
"grooming" with a brief stint as Gerald Ford's CIA director.
In 1980, Bush ran a short-lived campaign against Ronald Reagan for the
Republican Party's presidential nomination. Future running mate Reagan cut
short Bush's 1980 presidential hopes by defeating him soundly in the primary
election in New Hampshire, in the heart of New England. Reagan blasted Bush
for his membership in the internationalist Trilateral Commission, which had
attained notoriety because 20 members of the unpopular Carter administration
had served on the commission. Bush's campaign was otherwise noteworthy
beceause a significant number of his campaign volunteers were CIA officials;
his campaign organization was directed by six top Agency and Pentagon
THE ORDER'S NETWORK
With Bush in the White House, the WASP Establishment is seeking to
reconquer lost territory, not only within the domain of national politics,
but within the financial community, the legal profession and big business. A
struggle between some elements of the WASP crowd and the Jewish "New Crowd"
on Wall Street has been playing out in the newspapers and federal courts for
the past six years, beginning with the criminal indictments of junk bond
dealers Ivan Boesky and Michael Milken and the bankrupting and criminal
prosecuting of the powerful Zionist-run brokerage house Drexel Rurnham
To some extent these wars reflect the kind of scramble that always
takes place during a financial crisis and shakeout, when certain formerly
powerful financial institutions are wiped out and others profit from their
rivals' adversity. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the House of
Morgan came out on top. Not coincidentally, Morgan Guaranty Trust and Morgan
Stanley have been cornerstones of the Skull & Bones grouping on Wall Street
since their founding duling the last century. Founding partner Harold Stanley
was a Bonesman.
One hub of the Order's postwar economic power, the major multinational
oil corporations, have clearly benefited greatly from President Bush's
"charming little colonial war" in the Persian Gulf. The leading oil companies
which are linked to the Order are: Standard Oil Trust Corporation, Shell Oil
of America, Creole Petroleum Corporation and Pennzoil Corporation. The
founder and present chairman of the board of Pennzoil started out in the oil
business in partnership with George Bush in Zapata Oil. It is interesting to
note in the context of the Bonesmen's deep involvement in the world petroleum
business that George Bush, during his early days as a Texas oilman, had
worked closely with the Kuwaitis.
Eight major Wall Street and Washington, D.C. law firms stand out as
practically wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Order of Skull & Bones. Each of
these firms was founded by members of the Order, and each of these firms
continues to provide up-and-coming- Order initiates in the legal community
with training, credentials and connections. A review of the major corporate
clients of these firms would reveal many of the most powerful companies among
the Fortune 500.
The Skull & Bones law firms are:
* Lord Day Lord
* Davis Polk Wardwell
* Simpson Thacher Bartlett
* Debevoise Pli,npton Lyons & Gates
* Cravath Swaine & Moore
* Covington & Burling
* Dewey Ballantine Palmer & Woods
* Milbank Tweed Hadley & McCloy.
In addition to their corporate clientele and their direct involvement
in government through the frequent appointment of partners to Cabinet posts,
these firms also specialize in handling the personal financial affairs and
investment portfolios of the leading WASP families. In this respect, the
Skull & Bones-centered WASP Establishment imitates the Venetian model.
During'the height of power of Venice, which was the trading capital of the
Byzantine Empire, the leading families used their personal wealth to
establish insurance companies, family funds and cultural programs through
which they extended their political power.
Today, the prominent law firms listed above play a speclialrole in
directing the affairs of the leading tax-exempt foundations which shape the
culture and public opinion of the United States and many foreign countries.
We have already-seen that McGeorge Bundy, a leading Bonesman, left his
position as National Security Adviser to President Lyndon Johnson in 1966
assume the presidency of the Ford Foundation. During the nearly two decades
that Bundy'spent directing the $3 billion tax-exempt fund, he arguably
wielded more power than he did during his six years as the National Security
Adviser to two presidents. Under the Bundy reign the Ford Foundation spent
hundreds'of millions of dollars to launch the environmentalist' movement and
funded scores of projects devoted to population reduction in the Third World.
From its early decades, the Order has concentrated much of its efforts
at establishing, controlling and, in some instances, capturing the major
tax-exempt philanthropic foundations of America. The Russell Sage Foundation,
which specializes in "social control" programs, was founded by Bonesmen.
Among the leading functions of the Russell Sage Foundation today is the
maintaining of a centralized tracking of the finances of all the large
tax-exempt foundations in the United States. The Peabody Foundation, the
Slater Foundation and several of the Rockefeller foundations were all either
started by members of the Order or haw been dominated by Bonesmen from their
inception. Other major family funds, like the Ford Foundation and the
Carnegie Endowment, were wrestled from family control by the Skull & Bones
apparatus. During the tenure of McGeorge Bundy, two members of the Ford
family resigned from the Ford Foundation in disgust over the direction in
which Bundy had taken the philanthropic agency.
THE NEW WORLD ORDER
Between 1983-1986, the British-born conspiracy theorist Antony Sutton
wrote a series of pamphlets about the Order of Skull & Bones. According to
informed sources, Sutton was one of several historians who were provided with
a large file of the Order's internal documents, including minutes of some
meetings, descriptions of rituals, and what would appear to be a rather
complete list of its members from its founding through to the early 1980s.
The short pamphlets were compiled into one volume and published as a book in
For someone closely following the just-concluded Persian Gulf War and
attempting to gain some insight into George Bush's performance during that
largely orchestrated affair, one recurring theme in the Sutton volume stands
out like a sore thumb: the New World Order.
According to the Skull & Bones documents used by Sutton in his somewhat
flawed profile of the Order, the creation of a New World Order is a primary
goal of the Bonesmen and has been for decades. For the initiates into the
Order, the term New World Order has a very specific meaning.
It is a world dominated by American military power and American control
over all strategic raw materials. Just as the Greek city-state of Sparta
provided the Skull & Bones with the image of a WASP warrior caste, the
Persiain Empire, with its system of coalitions of satrap armies, provides the
model for the Bonesmen's New World Order. The image of Secretary of State
James A. Baker III traveling from foreign capital to foreign
capital-demanding military legions or chests of gold to finance the war for a
New World Order is an image straight out of the chronicles of the Persian
According to the recent biography of Henry Stimson, the man who
inspired President Bush was firmly convinced, that it was essential for
America to go to war once every generation or so. It was, for Stimson, a
spiritually cleansing process which enables the nation to rally behind a
cause and overcome its weaknesses and shortcomings in one grand burst of
military fervor. The romantic mystique of the purgative powers of combat is
key to understanding the politcal philosophy of Skull & Bones.
Although America's Vietnam debacle remains a bitter memory of the
Bonesmen's failure in war, the recent Persian Gulf conflict, with its
massive overkill and the use of highly advanced weapons and technologies, is
now the new glorious symbol of the WASP warrior caste's reincarnation. When
President Bush vowed that the Gulf War would not be another Vietnam," he was
speaking first and foremost to his fellow Bonesmen-not to the American
people..If such thinking smacks of dangerous fantasy on the part of a major
world power in the modern era, it is indeed.
On a more practical political level, the Gulf War was a gambit to save
the Bush presidency from a mountinng pile of domestic financial woes, not the
least of which was the savings andloan (S&L) crisis and a pending series of
failures of major
commercial banks. In the months preceding the gulf showdown, the prsident's
own son, Neil Bush, came under intense media scrutiny for his role in the
failure of a large
S&L in Colorado. Neil's photograph, testifying under oath before a
congressional committee probing fraud among top S&L manager's, became a
familiar front-page feature in every major newspaper in America, threatening
dangerous popular disillusion with the Yale Bonesman in the White House.
With a U.S. federal government deficit projected at nearly a half a trillion
dollars for Fiscal Year 1991, in large part because of the S&L crisis and a
shrinking business tax base, the Democratic Party majority in the U S
Congress was pressing for deep cutbacks in defense spending now that the Cold
War had ended.
On the international stage, the reunification of Germany, clearly the
most dramatic event of 1990, posed new challenges to the Bush team. Germany
was about to emerge as the dominant power in continental Europe by virtue of
its advanced industrial infrastructure and its long tradition of independent
political dealings with Moscow. Just months before the outbreak of the gulf
crisis, Germany's Chancellor Helmut Kohl had met with Soviet President
Mikhail Gorbachev and signed a long term economic assistance pact. As a
result, Gorbachev dropped all remaining objections to the immediate
reunification of Germany.
At that point, the Bush administration changed its tactics. Previously,
in sharp contrast to the Thatcher government in Great Britain, it had been
nominally in favor of German reunification. But at the Houston economic
summit of the Group of Seven Industrialized Countries in the summer of 1990,
the United States blocked (with Britain) Germany's plan of unconditional
economic aid to the Soviet Union. President Bush took the position that the
Soviet Union must submit to International Monetary Fund requisites as a
precondition for any substantive economic assistance
In the Far East, Japan's continuing growth in manufacturing also posed
a threat to Washington's desire to retain superpower status If President Bush
and his Bonesmen coterie were unaware of a stunning historical analogy, their
British "cousins" were quick to pick up on the parallels between the global
strategic situation in July 1990 and the identical intemational situation
that existed 100 years earlier.
In the 1890s, France, under the brilliant political leadership of
Foreign Minister Gabriel Hanataux, was attempting to forge a Eurasian
alliance with Germany, Russia and Meiji Japan. The idea was to-link
continental Europe with Japan and China through a series of large overland
infrastructure projects, beginning with the Trans-Siberian Railroad. Through
treaties covering key areas of economic and security matters, Hanataux hoped
to create a zone of prosperity, built on a foundation of rapid economic
growth and extensive trade.
Such a politlcal-economic common interest alliance threatened the
imperial hegemony of Great Britain. At the turn of the 20th century, Britian
looked to the United States (as its English-speaking ally) to join in
sabotaging the Hanataux plan. Through the Spanish-American War of 1898 and
the Russo-Japanese War of1905, Britain and her American junior partner (by
then led by Henry Stimson's old mentor Teddy Roosevelt) managed to disrupt
the French-German-Russian-Japanese econornic axis. Two world wars and the
Great Depression were the consequences of that interference.
THE PERSIAN GULF WAR
It was against this historical backdrop that President Bush, invoking the
World War II imagery of his Skull & Bones idol Henry Stimson, went to war
against Iraq. There is even speculation that President Bush was personally
instrumental in luring Saddam Hussein into invading Kuwait, thereby,
provoking the American-led military response. Many news accounts have
emphasized that a two-hour private meeting between the president and Margaret
Thatcher in the Aspen, Colorado vacation chalet of U.S. Ambassador Henry
Catto on August 2, 1990 helped finalize Bush's decision to immediately deploy
Recently, an astute Japanese analyst drew a disturbing parallel
between Bush and FDR, who was gready influenced by Stimson. According to the
wtiter, FDR lured Japan into World War II through an intricate series of
economic warfare maneuvers which left Japan with little choice but to
strike-back. In much the same way, said the analyst, Bush had lured Saddam
Hussein into Kuwait in order to launch a new Gulf War that would have
consequences reaching far beyond Iraq and the Middle East.
As a result of the military victory over Iraq, the United States is in
the process of establishing a string of permanent military bases throughout
the Persian Gulf and Near East. The oil sheikdoms of the region, led by Saudi
Arabia, are now thoroughly dependent on the American military presence to
ensure the survival of their regimes. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting
Countries:(OPEC) is effectively captured by Washington. American bankers
aided by U.S. gunboats now are setting world oil prices. Thus, one
consequence of the Persian Gulf War is that the United States now has an oil
weapon-pointed principally at Germany and Japan. Ironically, America's two
chief economic rivals have paid out a total of $27 billion to date to help
finance a Bush administration military adventure which put the oil weapon in
Another telling example of how the Order's man in the Oval Office
intends to administer a crmubling U.S. domestic economy while imposing the
New World Order on the rest of the world is to be found in the recent buyout
of the majority of stock in Citicorp, the largest U.S. commercial bank, by
Saudi Prince Talal bin Abdul Aziz. Citicorp is one of the major American
commercial banks on the verge of collapse, but which is considered by the
Bush administration and the Federal Reserve System to be "too big to fall."
The stock purchase amounted to a Saudi Royal Family bail-out of Citicorp,
using the increased profits being enjoyed by the House of Saud as a result of
the massive jump in Saudi oil production since the beginning of ~he gulf
cnsis in August 1990.
There points up a striking difference between the role of the United
States in World War II and the Bush administration's handling to date of the
Middle East crisis. During World War II, the United States went through a
genuine economic revival. Skull & Bones historian Samuel Huntington described
it as a "neo Hamiltonian" policy, a reference to the first United States
Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton. Beginning in 1939, America
became a major supplier of military and industrial goods under the Lend-Lease
program to the European states fighting Hitler. At the same time, the federal
government began issuing low interest credits to revive the nation's
manufacturing base which had been gutted by a decade of economic depression.
The industrial buildup accelerated once the United States formally entered
.World War II, leading to the establishing of entirely new industrial
sectors, such as aerospace and petrochemicals.
This time around-at least to date-there has been no such marshaling of
the U.S. domestic industrial base. Despite moderate increases in the
production of certain high-tech weapons systems, the U.S. economy continues
its gradual slide into what could be a new depression. Unemployment is
greater than at any point in the last decade. Some sociologists fear that the
complete disintegration of America's urban centers could produce new
race-riots as early as the summer of1991.
The single greatest challenge to George Bush and the.Order is: Can they
capitalize on-the current revival of the American spirit to reverse
the..disastrous post industrial society dogmas, and launch their own version
of the World WarII neo Hamiltonian industrial recovery? So far, some
doomsayers claim, it appears that Bush and his administratlon plan instead to
direct their.efforts at looting and blackmailing the rest of the
world-especially the gulf oil sheikdoms, Japan and Germany-into bailing out
the bankrupt U.S. financial houses and federal government and financing the
posting of American-led foreign legions at every corner of the globe where
there are large deposits of strategic raw materials. If this policy is not
altered, George Bush may soon find himself presiding over a new disaster that
will make the Vietnam debacle appear insignificant in comparison.
The politics of the New World Order appear to be borrowed largely from the
pages of the decline and fall of the British Empire. Political columnist
Patrick Buchanan, an early vocal opponent of the Bush Persian Gulf strategy,
warned as early as August 1990 that the White House was falling into the trap
of British "balance of power" politics, the very politics that left Great
Britain on the scrap heap of world powers at the close of World War II, and
put Winston Churchill, the architect of World War II and the Cold War, out of
Since the crushing military defeat of Iraq by a technologically far
superior American-led coalition, the Bush administration has vacillated on a
postwar policy - for the region. It has pursued a pragmatic power balancing
game which is rife with potential problems. The two key elements of the
American balance-of-power politics in the region are the preservation of a
weakened but territorialy whole Iraq to offset the other would-be
regional-powers Iran and Syria. At the-same time, it is tilting toward a
nominally more "pro-Arab" position with regard to the Arab-Israeli conflict,
While the harsh reparations terms being imposed upon a war-devastated
Iraq, are probably, in the mind of Bush, aimed at dissuading any future
regional military power from launching-cross-border aggressions, they amount
to the slow, excruciating extermination of the population of that
country. As one seasoned observer noted recently,ea rlier air wars had caused
greater immediate losses of life, due to the inaccuracy of bombs and rockets
but had generally left basic
infrastructures intact. The precision bombing of Iraq's entire infrastructure
has caused what a United Nations team has called an-"apocalypse."The greater
loss of life, will occur in the aftermath of the combat as a country with 16
million inhabitants is suddenly thrown into a "pre-industial" state with no
electricity, no water or other necessities. American humanitarian aid,
administered by occupying troops will not
offset this apocalypse-especially if harsh war reparations and asset seizures
deprive Iraq of the financial resources needed to begin a rebuilding process.
Regardless of the fact that the United States has not thrown the full
weight of its military presence behind the overthrow of the Saddam Hussein
regime, the shortsightedness of the present Bush policy may very well lead to
a Lebanon-type protracted civil war in Iraq. Such a war could potentially
spread throughout the region.
IMPLICATIONS FOR JAPAN
Throughout this short study of the Order of Skull & Bones, emphasis has
been placed on the philosophy, the rituals and the modus operandi of the
Bonesmen who have devoted their post-Yale careers to world politics. This
particular emphasis was chosen in order to provide the Japanese reader with
an insight into how the Bush presidency views the rest of the world, so that
it will be possible for Japan to better understand what it faces in the
post-Persian Gulf War strategic environment.
The implications of Skull & Bones domination over American policymaking
under the Bush presidency are enormous. Japan must be prepared to meet what
amounts to a fundamentally new challenge. Few of the postwar experiences in
U.S. Japanese relations will have prepared the Japanese government and the
leaders of Japanese industry and finance for-what they now face.
In the recent past, the policy of Washington toward Japan has been
simply to use political leverage, mostly related to Japan's regional security
concerns, to exact compromises and concessions in the economic and financial
sphere. But the United States, under its policy of free trade, privatization
of the monetary and credit mechanisms, and the transition to post-industrial
service-oriented forms of economic activity at home has suffered a gradual
but steady decline over the past 20 to 30 years. Japan, meanwhile, has
prospered under a more protectionist and industry oriented policy.
In the past decade, Japan has been increasingly thrust into the role of
scapegoat for the decline of American prosperity, while at the same time
coming under mounting pressure to help finance the United States out of its
economic mess. The pressures upon Japan to bail out its postwar big brother
have caused tensions between Washington and Tokyo, but the Cold War had
provided a common security interest that generally offset the occasional
Under the George Bush Skull & Bones regime at the White House all that
has changed. True to the Bonesmen's credo of constructive chaos and global
political domination by the WASP Establishment, the United States is now out
to dominate U.S.-Japanese relations with a degree of brutal frankness that
will fly in the face of all previous American sensitivities to Japan's honor.
Gone are the days of former U.S. Ambassador Michael Mansfield, who always
sought to maintain a public climate of friendship and cooperation between
the two nations even when behind the scenes he was taking the toughest of
stands on the most divisive issues.
Under the American-led New World Order, Japan can expect to be treated
with far less respect publicly. It can expect that the Bush administration,
including his coterie of former top CIA men now working directly out of the
Oval Office, will be constantly interfering, covertly in the internal affairs
This shift in style has held sway since the Bush inauguration and the
subsequent appointment of Michael Armacost as U.S. Ambassador to Tokyo.
Armacost has assumed the posture of a Roman pro-consul, dictating policy to a
weak satrap, rather than to engage, in diplomatic dialogue. Armacost's
performance even before the recent events in the Persian Gulf reestablished
American military might as the defining factor in world affairs-should have
provided the Japanese leadership with a clue as to the shift under way in
Washington's new policy approach.
The Bush policy can best be described as a sophisticated containment
policy. The new approach to Pacific affairs was telegraphed in the early days
of the Bush administration when the president deployed three of his most
trusted senior spooks to three critical Asian diplomatic posts: Armacost was
sent to Tokyo; Bush's vice presidential national security aide and former
career CIA operator Donald Gregg was sent to Seoul; and John Lilly, another
career CIA man and a fellow Yale Skull & Bones member, was sent to Beijing.
The fact that three of the CIA's most experienced clandestine field operators
were assigned the senior diplomatic posts says a great deal about the Bush
administradon's intentions to conduct sophisticated political-warfare and sow
confusion among the three major nations of the Far East. Bush clearly intends
to pursue the historic Skull & Bones mission of extending America's dominion
over the entire Pacific region. The idea of even paying lip service to equal
partnership between Washington and Tokyo is over, at least for the time
The process of internally weakening Japan's resistance to this
overarching domination by Washington's New World Order began with the Recruit
scandal, when the Takeshita government was brought down through a
U.S.-inspired secret intelligence operation. One of the primary targets of
that operation was Yashuhiro Nakasone, the former prime minister and the
architect of Japan's post-1973 effort to develop independent ties to the
oil-producing Arab states of the Persian Gulf.
It is important to understand that Bush's WASP warriors, while adopting
a similar approach of non-compromise and domination over Israel and the
Zionist lobby inside the United States, will not hesitate to use the Jewish
lobby as an instrument for bashing Japan into line. Thus, Commerce Secretary
Robert Mosbacher went out of his way to encourage the Anti-Defamation
League's leadership convention, which he addressed last year, to join with
the Bush administration in pressuring Japan to submit to American free trade
The Bush administration will at times encourage the Zionist lobby and
Israel to mercilessly attack Japan and will at other times severely criticize
Zionist "insensitivity" to Tokyo. This will all be part of the Bush strategy
to dominate the Pacific Rim by playing one country or faction off against
another, using hard cop-soft cop and other classic techniques of the
Japan will be offered a limited junior partner status in the New World
Order, while coming under mounting pressure to continue providing tribute to
finance the American imperium. Above all else, Japan will be forbidden from
developing any independent foreign policy toward its neighbors, the Soviet
Union, the Arab world or anyone else. Such programs as the Global
Infrastructure Fund, to the extent that they pose an alternative to the
U.S.-dominated international regime, will be vetoed.
As a subservient junior partner in the New World Order arrangement,
Japan's financial and economic muscle will be used as the piggy-bank for U.S.
imperial objectives. The $14 billion "contribution" to the U.S.-led Gulf-War
coalition was another benchmark in the transition in U.S.-Japanese reladons,
as was President Bush's abrupt cancellation of his long-sheduled state visit
to Tokyo. When the chairman of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) attempted
to visit Kuwait immediately after the gulf cease-fire in March l991, the U.S.
State Department refused to grant him permission to go into the
American-occupied-territory. These intentional diplomatic affronts should be
understood as telling signs of the new American-Japanese relationship.
On the other-hand, President Bush also suddenly scheduled a brief summit
with Japanese Prime Minister Kaifu in Newport Beach, California for April 4,
1991. One purpose of the sudden meeting was to lay out clear parameters of
acceptable behavior on the part of the Japanese government when the prime
minister meets later in April with Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev.
Japanese Soviet relations, like all other crucial Japanese ~foreign
relations, will be expected to conform with those of the U.S.
An essential blackmail "stick" that the Bush administration intends to
hold over Tokyo is-Japanese dependency on Persian Gulf oil. As-the result of
the Gulf War and the post war American military occupation of Kuwait, Saudi
Arabia and other-key oil-producing sheikdoms, the Bush administration will
exert unabashed control over world oil supplies- and prices. In the New World
Order, Japan's oil supply will be increasingly linked to concessions on a
range of monetary and economic issues, including the Global Agreements on
Trade and Tariffs (GATT) talks, which broke up last year as the result of
largely Japanese and continental European resistance to the pure free-trade
system sought by Bush and Thatcher. Assistant Treasury Secretary David
Mulford, a former senior official at White Weld Securities, Inc. which
restructured Saudi Arabia's entire financial apparatus, has recently
announced that he will seek to prosecute Japan for its violations of the GATT
regulations that call upon Tokyo to surrender government control over
interest rate policies to the international banking community.
The Bush presidency, with its ambitious drive for domination over
former friends and foes alike, poses an unprecedented challenge to Japan.
While this is neither the time nor the place to offer a solution to the
growing dilemma, the profile of the men of Skull & Bones in this white paper
should provide the Japanese reader with helpful insights into the nature of
the American WASP warrior class and the secret society which spawned it.
"Bush Boy's Club: Skull and Bones." Covert Information Action Bulletin,
Halberstam, David. The Best and the Brightest. Random House, New York, 1969.
Hodgson, Godfrey. The Colonel: The Life and Wars of Henry Stimson. Afred
Knopf, New York, 1990.
Isaacson, Walter and Evan Thomas. The Wisemen: Six Friends and the World They
Made. Simon and Schuster, New York, l986.
"Membership List of All Skull and Bones Members From 1833-1950." The Russell
Trust Association, New Haven, Conn., 1949.
Ranleagh, John. The Agency: The Rise and Decline of the CIA. Simon and
Schuster, New York, 1986.
Rosenbaum, Ron. "Skull and Bones: An Elegy for Mumbo Jumbo." Esquire
Magazine, September, 1977.
"Skull and Bones: A Short History." Excecutive Intelligence Review, January
Stimson, Henry and McGcorge Bundy. In Active Service in Peace and War.
Octagon Press, New York, 1949
Sutton, Antony C. America's Secret Establishrnent: An Introduction to the
Order of Skull and Bones. Liberty Press, Billings, Mont., 1986.
Winks, Robin. Cloak and Gown Scholars in the Secret War William Morrow, New
Some Prominent Members of Skull & Bones
William F. Buckley, Jr. (Bones Class of 1950) Founder of National Review, the
leading conservative magazine in the United States. Brother James (Skull &
Bones l944) is now a member of the U.S. Court of Appeals. William F. Buckley,
Jr., former CIA officer in Mexico, also built the political grassroots
conservative movement in the U.S. in the 1960s. President Bush and Buckley
have recently split over Buckley's strong pro-lsraelism.
McGeorge Bundy (Skull & Bones initiate of 1940) Scion of the Skull & Bones
Bundy family. Father Harvey H. Bundy was Skull & Bones, as was brother
William P. Bundy. McGeorge served in the War Department during World War II
as Henry Stimson's assistant and later became the Nalional Security Adviser
to President Kennedy. William Bundy became a CIA official and later served in
key positions at the Departments of State and Defense. McGeorge headed the
Ford Foundation (1968-1980) and William chaired the Council on Foreign
George Bush (initiated in 1948) President of the United States. Comes from a
complete Bones family. Father Prescott, a Bones initiate of the class of
1917. Uncle George Herbert Walker, Bones Class of 1927. U S Federal District
Court Judge John Walker is also a relative and a Bonesman.
Alfred Cowles (Class of 1913): Built the Cowles Communication empire based on
the Des Moines (lowa) Register and the Minneapolis (Minnesota) Star and
Tribune. These two newspapers play a significant role in shaping the early
presidential primaries, especially in Iowa.
Hugh Cunningham (Bones 1934); CIA man from 1947 to 1973. He served in top
positions in the Clandestine Services, the Board of National Estimates and
later as Director of Training.
Thomas Daniels (initiated in 1914) founder of the largest agro-business and
grain cartel company in Minnesota-Archer-Daniels-Midland (ADM) Served in the
Foreign Service and later during World War II as head of the Fats and Oils
Section of the War Produclion Board. ADM Corporation's new head Dwayne
Andreas is one of the most powerful figures in U.S.-Soviet trade relations.
Daniels's only son, John (Bones 1943), also works in ADM. The bank which
underwrites ADM stock issues is the Morgan Stanley investment bank
Richard Ely Danielson (Skull & Bones 1907) Past publisher of the Atlanric
Monthly magazine, one of the leading magazines for seeing which policy line
on a variety of issues is coming out of the Eastern Establishment.
Russell Wheeler Davenport (initiated in 1923); Fortune magazine writer and
editor, made this magazine the leading authority on financial matters in the
United States. Davenport created the Fortune 500 companies list.
Henry P. Davison (Bones Class of l920): Key senior partner in the Morgan
banking and financial trust networks. His fellow Bonesman Harold Stanley
(1908) founded the investment bank Morgan Stanley. Davison and his family
helped set up the Guaranty Trust Corporation which became Morgan Guaranty
Thomas Cochran (1904 Bonesman) was one of the most powerful partners in the
Morgan bank. The influence of the Mgrgan banking system can be seen in its
relationship with the hierarchy of U.S. intelligence. The head of the Office
of Strategic Services, Gen. William Donovan, worked as a Morgan intelligence
operative in thc 1920s and prepared the intelligence reports for the Morgan
banking concerns on developments in Europe. F. Trubee Davison became CIA
Director of Personnel in 1951 and placed key Bonesmen in the right positions
inside the CIA.
Averell Harriman (1913 initiate). Scion of the Harriman railroad family. His
brother Roland (Skull & Bones 1917) ran the investment bank Brown Brothers
Harriman. Averell was one of the most powerful members of the Skull & Bones
fralernity, His government posts ranged from Ambassador to Russia during
World War II and various State Department positions to chief negotiator on
the Vietnam Talks. Confidential adviser to Presidents Roosevelt, Truman,
Kennedy, Johnson and later Nixon and Carter. His investment banking firm is
virtually a Skull & Bones bank-nine senior partners are from Skull & Bones.
President Bush's father worked in Brown Brothers Harriman after helping to
merge several companies in the Unitd Rubber Corporation of America.
Winston Lord (Bones Class of 1959): Chairmah of the Council on Foreign
Relations (1983-l988). Former State Department official and CIA officer in
Asia. China expert. Six members of the Lord family were Skull & Bones,
including Charles Edwin Lord, former Comptroller of the Currency, Department
of the Treasury. Oswald Bates Lord (Skull & Bones l926) married Mary
Pillsbury of the Minnesota based Pillsbury Flour Corporation. Winston Lord is
Robert A. Lovett (1918 initiate): Put together the Brown Brothers Harriman
merger and later organized the aviation industry mobilization for World War
II. Became part of the most exclusive power group in World War II under Henry
Stimson. Lovett was one of the five or six most powerful men in the United
States for nearly 40 years until his death in 1986.
Henry Luce (initiated in 1920): Built the Time-Life publishing empire. Became
the leading publicist of the "American century" doctrine
Dino Pionzio (Bones Class of 1950): CIA deputy chief of station in Chile
during the overthrow of Chilean President Salvador Allende. Now works at the
investment firm Dillion Read.
Alphonso Taft (initiated in 1833): Secretary of War (1876), Attorney General
(1876-1877) and later Minister to Austria and Russia. Co-founder of Skull &
Robert A. Taft (1910 initiate); Speaker of the House of Representatives
(1921-1926) and Senator (R-Ohio). Leader of the Isolationist movement in the
1930s. His son Robert A. Taft, Jr., also senator from Ohio, led the
right-wing of the Republican Party in the 1950s and 1960s. Robert A. Taft,
Jr., however, was the only member of the Taft family who was not Skull &
William H. Taft (Skull & Bones 1878): President of the United Statcs
(1908-1912) and appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (1921-1930).
Secretary of War (1904-1908). Trustee, Carnegie Institution. Part of the long
line of Tafts who served in the U.S. government.
William Collins Whitney (initiated 1863): Secretary of the Navy (1885-1889).
Promoter of the Naval Shipyards and financier. Part of the Whitney family
which sent eight of its members to Yale to become Skull & Bonesmen. Family
intermarried with the Payne, Harriman and Vanderbilt clans. The Whitneys
became some of Wall Street's most powerful financiers through the Guaranty
and Knickerbocker Trust Companies.
Current U.S. senators who are Skull & Bones members;
Sen. Jonathan Bingham (D-N.M.).
Sen. David Boren (D-Okla.) is chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee.
Sen. John Chafee (R-R.I.); Former Navy Secretary and on the Senate
Sen. John Heinz (R-Pa.): Recently killed in an airplane crash. was a Bonesman
as was his father. The Heinz farnily has one of the largest food-producing
companies in the world.
Sen. John Kerry (D-Mass.): Formerly on the Senate Intelligence Committee,
Kerry is now on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
* During the Cuban missile crisis in October 1962, two Skull & Bones
advisers to President Kennedy, McGeorge Bundy and Robert Lovett, met in the
west wing of the White House to discuss strategy. According to author Godfrey
Hodgson, there was a photograph of master Bonesman Henry L. Stimson, their
mentor, on Lundy's desk. "All during the conversation the old Colonel seemed
to be staring me straight in the face," recalled Lovett. Finally, he said to
Bundy, "Mac, I think the best service we can perform for the president is to
try to approach this as Colonel Stimson would."
* At the Potsdam summit in 1946 when President Truman first met Soviet
dictator Josef Stalin, Stimson told the president: "The chief lesson I have
learned in a long life is that the only way to make a man trustworthy is to
* Commenting on the plan of Robert Morgenthau, President Franklin D.
Roosevelt's Treasury Secretary, to deindustrialize Germany after World War
II, Stimson wrote: ". . . just such a crime as the Germans themselves hoped
to perpetrate on their victims . . . a crime against civilization itself?" He
added rather ironically that the plan was like "a beautiful Nazi program!
This is to laugh!"
* "They possessed a common background, common experience, and a common
liking for old wines, proper English and Savile Row clothing," wrote the
biographer of former U.S. Ambassador to Japan Joseph Grew. A top level
diplomat and State Department powerhouse during the first half of the 20th
century, Bonesman Hugh Wilson adds, "The Foreign Service [is] a pretty good
* "These men helped establish a distinguished network connecting Wall
Street, Washington, worthy foundations and proper clubs," wrote historian and
former JFK aide Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. "The New York financial and legal
community was the heart of the American Establishment. Its household deities
were Henry L. Stimson and Elihu Root; its present leaders, Robert A. Lovett
and John J. McCloy; its front organizations, the Rockefeller, Ford and
Carnegie foundations and the Council on Foreign Relations."
* Brtiish author Godfrey Hodgson stated in an essay on the American
Establishment that it was "characteristic of these men to take on the burdens
of world power with a certain avidity . . . It reflected a grim but grand
duty that was a legacy from half-buried layer of New England Puritanism."
* Averell Harriman's father, owner of the largest railroad company in
the United States at the turn of the century, told his son: "Great wealth is
an obligation and responsibility. Money must work for the country."
* "I scoffed at Harvard's Porcellian club. It was too smug. But to get
into Bones, you had to do something for Yale, wrote Averell Harriman. He
would frequently retum to the "Tomb on High Street." During the Paris Peace
Conference on the Vietnam War, Harriman was quite upset about not being able
to attend a "Bones Reunion." In the book The Wise Men, Harriman is described
as willing to talk openly about national security affairs, but "he refused,
however, to tell [even] his family anything about Bones . . . so complete was
his trust in Bones's code of secrecy . . ."
* Stimson during the liberation of France in 1944 wrote about the need
for France's reconstruction following the Nazi occupation of France: "America
cannot supervise the elections of a great country like France. Consequently,
we must eventually leave the execution of the State Department formula to the
French themselves . . . where we ourselves will assume responsibility in part
or more for its execution according to Anglo-Saxon ideals."
* Stimson on Austria and Germany following World War II: "They [the
British] haven't any grasp apparently of the underlying need of proper
economic arrangements to make peace stick . . . If they restore Austria to
her position in which she was left by the Versailles arrangement 25 years
ago, why they would reduce her to a non-self-sustaining state [is beyond me]
. . . Central Europe after the war has got to eat. She has got to be free of
tariffs in order to eat."
* Stimson was "opposed to a Carthaginian Peace" in which Germany was
reduced to a non functioning society. He wrote, "The Ruhr and Saarland . . .
[must not] be turned into a second rate industrial land . . . regardless of
what it means to Germany . . . [rather] to the welfare of the entire
* In 1948, the debate within the U.S. government over the creation of
the state of Israel was reaching critical intensity. President Truman was the
"dark horse" candidate to defeat the Republican nominee, Thomas Dewey. Truman
thought he needed the Jewish goups to mobilize in his support in order to get
elected. He also believed that after so many years of suffering and
persecution, the Jews deserved a homeland of their own. However, his most
trusted foreign policy advisers, George Marshall, Dean Acheson and Robert
Lovett, were, according to the book The Wise Men, "all dead set against the
birth of Israel . . . However humanitarian a Jewish homeland might seem . . .
it posed a real risk to U.N. national security. It was absolutely vital that
the U.S. maintain its pipeline to Mideast oil. Supporting tne Zionist cause
would only antagonize the Arabs." Lovett said, "Israel was one ally too many
* On Japan, Stimson and McGeorge Bundy wrote their book On Active
Service in Peace and War: "Since 1937, when the Japanese attacked China,
Stimson had been urging, as a private citizen, an embargo on all American
trade with Japan, and this attitude he carried with him into the Cabinet
[when he became Secretary of War]." Stimson prepared a memorandum in 1940
pointing out how Japan had yielded before American firmness, in her
withdrawal from Shantung and Siberia in 1919 and her acceptance of naval
inferiority in 1921. "Japan," Stimson wrote, "has historically shown that she
can misinterpret a pacifistic policy of the United States for weakness. She
has also historically shown that when the United States indicates by clear
language and bold actions that she intends to carry out a clear and
afflrmative policy in the Far East, Japan will yield to that policy even
though it conflicts with her own Asiatic policy and conceived interests. For
the United States now to indicate either by soft words or inconsistent
actions that she has no such clear and definite policy towards the Far East
will only encourage Japan to bolder action."
* On December 7, 1941, Stimson wrote in his diary: "When the news first
came that Japan had attacked us, my first feeling was of relief that the
indecision was over and that crisis had come in a way which would unite all
our people. This continued to be my dominant feeling in spite of the news of
catastrophes which quickly developed. For I feel that this country united has
practically nothing to fear, while the apathy and division stirred by
unpatriotic men have been hitherto very discouraging."
* On the decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Stimson wrote
in an article for Harper's Weekly in 1947: "My chief purpose was to end the
war in victory with the least possible cost in the lives of men in the armies
which I had helped to raise. In the light that no man, in our position and
subject to our responsibilities, holding in his hands a weapon of such
possibilides for accomplishing this purpose and saving those lives, could
have failed to use it and afterwards looked his countrymen in the face."
* At the Truman White House in the presence of Secretary of State James
Byrnes, Adm Leahy and Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal, according to his
biographer: "Stimson had argued consistently for a commitment to allow the
Japanese to keep their Emperor, not because- with the memory of Manchuria in
his mind-he had any special sympathy for him, but because only the Emperor
could persuade the Japanese to surrender and therefore save American lives."